The Kings of Ancient Egypt

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A i a w b p f m n r h H x X z s S o k g t T d D
A i a w b p f m n r h H x X z s S o k g t T d D

Late Pre-dynastic Period c. 3000

Name (s)

Serekh/Hieroglyphics

Date

Major Achievements/Events

Unidentified King A

????????????  
Unidentified King B

???????????  
Ka

?????????????  
Scorpion King

?????????? No relation to that horrible movie!
:-)
Zekhen      
Na'rmer

(Sometimes listed as part of Dynasty 1)

?????????? Narmer Palate


Front


Back

Narmer is the last ruler of what is now being called "Dynasty 0" and he was also acknowledged by later first dynasty Kings as the first King of their 'dynasty'.

Early Dynastic Period (2920-2575)

1st Dynasty (2920-2770):


In 1986 the German expedition re-excavating Umm el Qa'ab and the cemeteries B and U at Abydos, found an important seal impression with the Horus names of Narmer, Aha, Djer, Djet, Den and the king's mother Merneith; 

some years later a new example, again with the kings' names and the necropolis god Khentyamentiw was found containing all the names up to Qa'a the last Thinite king of the Ist Dynasty (but now Merneith's was excluded).

Name (s)

Serekh/Hieroglyphics

Date

Major Achievements/Events

Na'rmer
(Sometimes listed as pre-dynastic)

?????????? Narmer Palette


Front


Back

Narmer is the last ruler of what is now being called "Dynasty 0" and he was also acknowledged by later first dynasty Kings as the first King of their 'dynasty'.

'Aha

??????????  
Djer

??????????  
Djet
(Wadj)

??????????  
Den

??????????  
'Adjib
(Anedjib)

??????????  
Semerkhet

??????????  
Qa'a

??????????  

2nd Dynasty (2770-2649):

Name (s)

Serekh

Date

Major Achievements/Events

Hetepsekhemwy      
Re'neb      
Ninetjer      
Peribsen

   
Kha'sekhem(wy)

   

3rd Dynasty (2649-2575):

Name (s)

Serekh

Date

Major Achievements/Events

Zanakht (=Nebka)   2649-2630  
Djoser (Netjerykhet)

2630-2611  
Sekhemkhet   2611-2603  
Kha'ba   2603-2599  
Huni(?)   2599-2575  

Old Kingdom (2575-2134)

4th-8th Dynasties

 

4th Dynasty (2575-2465):

Name (s)

Cartouche

Date

Major Achievements/Events

Snofru
Snefru

2575-2551  
       

Middle Kingdom (2040-1640)

11th Dynasty, 2nd half:

Reigned over all Egypt, capital in XXX

Name(s)

Cartouche(s)

Date

Major Achievements/Events

Mentuhotep II (Nebhepetre')    2061-2010 Reunited Egypt after first intermediate period.  Had expiditions against Sinai, Nubia, and Libya.  Brought Nubia back under Egyptian rule. More trading and mining.
Mentuhotem III (S'ankhkare')   2010-1998 Henenu's expedition to Punt. Continued his father's construction programs.
Mentuhotep IV (Nebtawyre')   1998-1991 reigned only 7 years.  The last king of the 11th Dynasty.  Known mainly from quarry expedition to Wadi Hammamat.

12th Dynasty (1991-1783)

Capital in Lisht

Name(s)

Cartouche (s)

Date

Major Achievements/Events

Amenemhet I (Sehetepibre') 1991-1962 The Vizier who became king for unknown reasons.  He founded the 12th dynasty.  The prophecy of Neferty legitimized his reign.  He moved the capitol to Lisht, and was assassinated.  Relations with Byblos and Aegean.  Lots of literature, cult of Amun, coreigns w/ son.
??????      
Senwosret I (Kheperkare') 1971-1926 Campaigns against Libyans, prolific builder, expands Nubian frontier to Buhen.  Trading in Sudan.
Amenemhet II (Nubkaure')   1929-1892 Peaceful reign, Syrian contact heavy.
Senwosret II (Kha'kheperre')   1897-1878 land reclamation in Faiyum.  Aegean, Syrian, and Nubian contact.
Senwosret III (Kha'kaure')
(Sesostris by the Greeks)
1878-1841 Earliest astronomical date in Egypt.  Campaigns in Palestine, reconquers Nubia, exceptional statues.  Also exceptional jewelry found in burials of royal ladies and private individuals.
Amenemhet III (Nima'atre')   1844-1797 Peak of prosperity and peace.  Construction in the Sinai.  Also heavy mining and irrigation, The god Sobek gained importance.
Amenemhet IV (Ma'akherure')   1799-1787 short reign, end of prosperity
Queen Nefrusobek
(Sometimes called Sobekneferu)
  1787-1783 Sister of Amenemhet IV, ended era of prosperity.

13th Dynasty (1783-sometime after 1640)

Capitol ????

Name (s)

Cartouche (s)

Date

Major Achievements/Events

LOTS OF RANDOM GUYS      
22. Neferhotep I (Kha'sekhemre') (1741-1730)  
MORE RANDOM GUYS      

New Kingdom (1550-1070)

Late Period

Greco-Roman Period